corfu town

 
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Discover corfu island's capital town, one of the most impressive cities in greece

  The main town of Corfu Greece which has the island’s same name must be one of the most beautiful, most impressive and most interesting cities in Greece. Corfu Town is also the principal port and largest town in the Ionian Islands.


The town was built during the Venetian rule, between two fortresses.

The town’s architecture is influenced by all the major civilizations that once occupied the island, such as the Sicilians, the Venetians, the French and the British (more information on the “history section”).
Today, the Esplanade Square is the central square of Corfu Town. The Square welcomes cricket games and is the only place in Greece where this sport is played. It is one of the heritages from the English occupation.

:: The Ionion Academy. The Ionion Academy is located in the south side of the Esplanade and is the first University ever founded in Greece.

It was founded in 1808 by Ioannis Kapodistrias, the first Governor of the newly built Greek State. The building was destroyed in 1943 during an Italian air raid but has been restored since.

:: The Palace of Saint Michael and Georges.
It is located at the northern end of the Esplanade and is one of the most elegant monuments of the island of Corfu.

It was built in 1824 during the English occupation in a Georgian architectural style.

:: The Town Hall Square. The Town Hall Square was, during the Venetian occupation, the meeting place of the nobles of the island.

It was used in 1720 as a lyrical theatre and took the name of Theatre San Giacomo, borrowing its name to the Catholic Church Agios Iakovos. The building was then used as a town hall and is today housing the National Bank of Greece.

:: The Ionian Parliament: The Ionian Parliament is situated in Moustoxidi Street. It is an important monument that was built in 1855. The main entrance is surrounded by inscription commemorating the vote for the unification of the Ionian Island with the newly built democratic State.

:: The Square of the Saint. Three of the most important churches of Corfu are located around the square: the church of St.Spiridon, the church of the Blessed Virgin of Strangers and the Church of St.John.

 



  Today, the town houses a population of approximately 30.000 inhabitants.

It is an organised town with elegant buildings, mansions, palaces and monuments lined in narrow paved streets with stone steps, beautiful and large French-designed squares full of trees and flowers, impressive Venetian castles, some Byzantine and post Byzantine churches…

The town has an unique beauty, charm, character and atmosphere that can only be found in towns such as Naples, in Italy. It is the kind of town that takes you back in other times…

Here are some interesting sights to visit:

:: The central square Spiniada or Esplanade is the most significant monument of the town. It is said that it is the largest square in the Balkans.

The Esplanade was turned into a public square by the French. They designed the square following the French style and planted it with trees and flowers.

The area, before the 19th century, was empty and was used for strategic and defensive purposes.
It was used as the official residence of the Commissioner. The Palace has also been used for a while as the residence of the Greek Royal family and is today hosting the European Leaders Summit Conference.


:: The Liston
. The Liston is a building situated in the western side of the Esplanade.

The Liston terrace houses some of the finest cafés and restaurants of the island. It is a terrace with beautiful arches, especially by night when the lights create beautiful shadows.

Liston was built during the imperial French occupation, in 1807 and has many similarities with the Rue de Rivoli in Paris, in the 1er Arrondissement.

The name Liston must probably comes from a Venetian world that used to describe the main street of a town.

:: The neighbourhood of Mandouki: It is an historic neighbourhood, since its inhabitants organised a resistance in 1799 against the French Conquerors.

Today, the area is a pretty suburb of the Town with a charming central street lined by many old houses, shops, kafenion and tavernas.


:: The Kanoni Peninsula: The Kanoni Peninsula is the area where the first city of Corfu was built. The area has many archaeological sites.

Kanoni took it name from the circular terrace which is located on the edge of the Peninsula, and the canon (kanoni in Greek) that was there once.

The terrace offers a beautiful view over the bay and the famous islet of Pontikonisi. Today, the area has many luxurious hotels.

 
   

 
       HISTORY
According to Mythology, the name of Corfu (Kerkyra in Greek) is derived from the Nymph Korkira...more
       ARCHITECTURE
According to history, the island’s architecture was influenced by several west civilisations that once occupied Corfu... more
       CHURCHES
Corfu has most than 800 churches and monasteries...more

        FESTIVALS
All the majors festivals are related to religious ceremonies... more
 

 
 

 

 

 

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